Especially for science fair projectsyou create a hypothesis and do an experiment.
A conclusion restates your goals and methods, includes any final data and notes whether you were able to successfully answer the questions posed by your experiment.
If well-written, your conclusion helps the reader extract all the important points of your report while noting any of your experiment's unforeseen results.
Restate the Experiment's Goals Begin your conclusion by restating the goals of your experiment. If you began your report with an introductory paragraph, briefly restate what you said there.
Note all objectives of your experiment: What question or questions were you seeking to answer? Also include a summary of any predictions that you made for your experiment's results.
For example, let's say you performed an experiment to determine the freezing point for samples of water with different concentrations of salt. You would state that your experiment's goal was to find the relationship between salt concentration and water's freezing point.
You would also include your prediction of how the salt concentration would affect the freezing point, based on your previous knowledge of chemistry. Describe Methods Used Provide a brief summary of the methods you used in your experiment.
This should not be a comprehensive list of all items used in the experiment; the full list should be included in the "methods" section of your lab report.
Note the important tools and substances in your experiment, and any methods used to obtain data. In addition to the summary of methods, include a brief explanation of why you chose those methods to obtain your data.
Include and Analyze Final Data The heart of your lab report focuses on the data from your experiments -- including all the data you obtained along with a detailed analysis of that data.
Your conclusion should not restate all the data from your experiment, only note any final data you've determined from analysis. For instance, if analyzing the data from an experiment to determine the density of formaldehyde produced an average result of 8.
Your conclusion should also provide a brief explanation of what the final data from your experiment indicates. Explain any trends in your data, and note whether any irregularities in the results brought up further questions.
Also report any possible sources of error in your data and your analysis. State Whether Your Experiment Succeeded Finally, in your conclusion, examine the data based on your goals and predictions for the experiment. State whether the results of your experiment allowed you to answer the questions that you set out in the introduction.
If you were successful, state so.
If not, provide a possible explanation for why your experiment was unable to answer these questions, and suggest a method that could be used in another experiment to better answer them. Regardless of whether you were successful, state what you've learned from your experiment, and note which of your predictions for the experiment's results were true.
Cite this Article A tool to create a citation to reference this article Cite this Article.This handout will explain the functions of conclusions, offer strategies for writing effective ones, help you evaluate drafts, and suggest what to avoid. Strategies for writing an effective conclusion.
One or more of the following strategies may help you write an effective conclusion.
Steps to follow when writing a conclusion for a science project The conclusion section of your science project should be a description of the main purpose of the project, the findings, their explanations and recommendations for future projects or study.
Writing a conclusion for a scientific paper is a task that many students often think is overwhelming, but you can easily achieve the best results with only a few tips. The following are some of the key guidelines on how to write a science conclusion that you should take note of.
If you are like most students, you probably want to know how to write a science conclusion that is impressive. Performing an experiment and data collection is just part of any science project. The data must be presented in a report. The report tells readers what your hypothesis is, the results and.
The final stage when writing a conclusion for a science project is summarizing your work. Since this is the last part of your project, make all the clarifications.
For example, capture the errors, which may have influenced the results. Your conclusion should also provide a brief explanation of what the final data from your experiment indicates.
Explain any trends in your data, and note whether any irregularities in the results brought up further questions.