The outbreak of Pontiac's Rebellion in May apparently reinforced the logic of this decision, as it was an American Indian uprising against the British expansion. Raising taxes in Britain was out of the question, since there had been virulent protests in England against the Bute ministry's cider taxwith Bute being hanged in effigy. This was something new; Parliament had previously passed measures to regulate trade in the colonies, but it had never before directly taxed the colonies to raise revenue.
The act required the colonists to pay a tax, represented by a stamp, on various forms of papers, documents, and playing cards. It was a direct tax imposed by the British government, without the approval of the colonial legislatures and was payable in hard-to-obtain British sterling, rather than colonial currency.
Further, those accused of violating the Stamp Act could be prosecuted in Vice-Admiralty Courts, which had no juries and could be held anywhere in the British Empire. Important dates in the Stamp Act Crisis March 22, British Parliament passes the "Stamp Act.
Delegates from nine colonies meet in New York City in what has become known as the Stamp Act Congress, the first united action by the colonies; the congress acknowledges that while Parliament has a right to regulate colonial trade, it does not have the power to tax the colonies since they were unrepresented in Parliament.
Parliament issues the Declaratory Act, which states that the king and Parliament have full legislative power over the colonies. Excerpts King George III, An Act for granting and applying certain stamp duties, An act for granting and applying certain stamp duties, and other duties, in the British colonies and plantations in America, towards further defraying the expences of defending, protecting, and securing the same; and for amending such parts of the several acts of parliament relating to the trade and revenues of the said colonies and plantations, as direct the manner of determining and recovering the penalties and forfeitures therein mentioned.
WHEREAS by an act made in the last session of parliament, several duties were granted, continued, and appropriated, The stamp act defraying the expences of defending, protecting, and securing, the British colonies and plantations in America: For every skin or piece of vellum or parchment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall be ingrossed, written, or printed, any note or bill of lading, which shall be signed for any kind of goods, wares, or merchandize, to be exported from.
For every skin or piece of vellum or parchment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall be ingrossed, written, or printed, any licence for retailing of wine, to be granted to any person who shall take out a licence for retailing of spirituous liquors, within the said colonies and plantations, a stamp duty of three pounds, For every skin or piece of vellum or parchment, or sheet or piece of paper, on which shall be ingrossed, written, or printed, any notarial act, bond, deed, letter, of attorney, procuration, mortgage, release, or other obligatory instrument, not herein before charged, within the said colonies and plantations, a stamp duty of two shillings and three pence.
And for and upon every pack of playing cards, and all dice, which shall be sold or used within the said colonies and plantations, the several stamp duties following that is to say For every pack of such cards, the sum of one shilling.
And for every pair of such dice, the sum of ten shillings. And for and upon every paper, commonly called a pamphlet, and upon every newspaper, containing publick news, intelligence, or occurrences, which shall be printed, dispersed, and made publick, within any of the said colonies and plantations, and for and upon such advertisements as are herein after mentioned, the respective duties following that is to say For every other almanack or calendar for any one particular year, which shall be written or printed within the said colonies or plantations, a stamp duty of four pence.
A copy of the excerpts is available. Descriptions of the Stamp Act that appear in American textbooks frequently reduce the contents to a short summary. Brief attention is made toward the taxes imposed upon official documents, playing cards, pamphlets and newspapers.
It sometimes is noted that many of these taxes were relatively insignificant. There is good reason for editing as the Stamp Act was a piece of legislation with forty-two specific citations and at least sixty-three additional clauses and statutes related to collection of taxes, enforcement policies, and penalties for non-compliance.
In the excerpts selected, portions of the actual document are included to encourage classroom examination of the original text. Recognizing the limitations of class time, these selections have been significantly edited, reduced, or eliminated.
Read the introduction, view the image, and review the excerpts. Then use information from these sources as well as your knowledge of American history to answer the following questions.
Describe the reasons Parliament provided for imposing the Stamp Act. Explain why the colonists objected to these relatively small taxes. Assign groups to portions of the legislation that are provided.
Have each group explain the item being taxed and the reason colonists opposed the tax. How did this legislation increase the belief of colonists that the British government was: A printer-friendly version is available here.The Stamp Act was repealed out of expediency, not because American arguments about taxation had been accepted in England.
As a face-savings gesture, however, Parliament approved the Declaratory Act (March ), which stated in part that Parliament. Nov 09, · Watch video · The Stamp Act of was the first internal tax levied directly on American colonists by the British government.
The act, which imposed a tax on all paper documents in the colonies, came at a. Nov 09, · The Stamp Act of was the first internal tax levied directly on American colonists by the British government.
The act, which imposed a tax on all paper documents in the colonies, came at a. The Stamp Act. On February 6th, George Grenville rose in Parliament to offer the fifty-five resolutions of his Stamp Bill. A motion was offered to first read petitions from the Virginia colony and others was denied.
A stamp act is any legislation that requires a tax to be paid on the transfer of certain documents. Those who pay the tax receive an official stamp on their documents, making them legal documents. A variety of products have been covered by stamp acts including playing cards.
Completely unexpected was the avalanche of protest from the colonists, who effectively nullified the Stamp Act by outright refusal to use the stamps as well as by riots, stamp burning, and intimidation of colonial stamp distributors.