Four Principles of Interpersonal Communication These principles underlie the workings in real life of interpersonal communication.
Uncertainty reduction theory Uncertainty reduction theory comes from the sociopsychological perspective. It addresses the basic process of how we gain knowledge about other people. According to the theory, people have difficulty with uncertainty.
They want to be able to predict behavior, and therefore, they are motivated to seek more information about people. As we communicate, we are making plans to accomplish our goals. At highly uncertain moments, we become more vigilant and rely more on data available in the situation.
When we are less certain, we lose confidence in our own plans and make contingency plans. The theory also says that higher levels of uncertainty create distance between people and that non-verbal expressiveness tends to help reduce uncertainty. Underlying assumptions include that an individual will cognitively process the existence of uncertainty and take steps to reduce it.
The boundary conditions for this theory are Interpersonal communication there must be some kind of outside social situation trigger and internal cognitive process. According to the theory, we reduce uncertainty in three ways: Uncertainty Reduction Theory is most applicable to the initial interaction context, and in response to this limited context, scholars have extended the uncertainty framework with theories that describe uncertainty manangementmore broadly, and motivated information management.
These subsequent theories give a broader conceptualization of how uncertainty operates in interpersonal communication as well as how uncertainty motivates individuals to seek information.
Social exchange theory[ edit ] Main article: Social exchange theory Social exchange theory falls under the symbolic interaction perspective. The theory predicts, explains, and describes when and why people reveal certain information about themselves to others.
Theorists say self-interest is not necessarily a bad thing and that it can actually enhance relationships. You will reveal information about yourself when the cost-rewards ratio is acceptable to you. As long as rewards continue to outweigh costs, a couple will become increasingly intimate by sharing more and more personal information.
The constructs of this theory include discloser, relational expectations, and perceived rewards or costs in the relationship. Levingerdiscussed marital success as dependent on all the rewarding things within the relationship, such as emotional security and sexual fulfillment.
He also argued that marriages either succeed or fail based on the barriers to leave the relationship, like financial hardships, and the presence of alternative attractions, like infidelity.
Levinger stated that marriages will fail when the attractions of the partners lessen, the barriers to leave the spouse are weak, and the alternatives outside of the relationship are appealing. The boundary conditions for this theory are that at least two people must be having some type of interaction.
Social exchange also ties in closely with social penetration theory.
Symbolic interaction Symbolic interaction comes from the sociocultural perspective in that it relies on the creation of shared meaning through interactions with others. This theory focuses on the ways in which people form meaning and structure in society through interactions. People are motivated to act based on the meanings they assign to people, things, and events.
When people interact over time, they come to shared meaning for certain terms and actions and thus come to understand events in particular ways. There are three main concepts in this theory: Society Social acts which create meaning involve an initial gesture from one individual, a response to that gesture from another and a result.Although interpersonal communication encompasses all forms of communicating, oral, written, and nonverbal, the term is usually applied to spoken communication that takes place between two or more individuals on a personal, face-to-face level.
Interpersonal Communication came to being when men began to exchange ideas and thoughts to one another. Interpersonal Communication is a kind of communication in which people communicate their feeling, ideas, emotions and information face to face to each other.
It can be in verbal or non-verbal form. Interpersonal communication is essential to career success. Here is a detailed definition of what is interpersonal communication and 3 common myths. Interpersonal and communication skills are essential for all aspects of our business and private lives.
Interpersonal communication skills affect every interaction we have. From negotiating for a promotion to resolving a conflict with a spouse, good communication skills can greatly improve life. Interpersonal Skills, also known as Soft Skills, govern the interactions of lausannecongress2018.com are concerned with the way we relate to others in our daily lives. (Learn more about what are Interpersonal Skills here). Business executives occasionally speak of Power Etiquette, which is the ability to maximize assertiveness against the backdrop of communication and conflict resolution. Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs, symbols, and semiotic rules.. The main steps inherent to all communication are. The formation of communicative motivation or reason.; Message composition (further internal or technical elaboration on what exactly to.
This course is for individuals, team leaders and managers who need to and want to ensure that they are maximising their ability to communicate and work with others, avoiding conflict and disharmony. Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs, symbols, and semiotic rules..
The main steps inherent to all communication are. The formation of communicative motivation or reason.; Message composition (further internal or technical elaboration on what exactly to. This lesson distinguishes between the various methods of communication used by managers, including interpersonal communication, nonverbal communication, written communication and oral communication.