But if we do get through all that, " We will have the unique opportunity to learn first-hand from the most hi-tech, research data-backed, psychological Excerpts from the essay below. This writing is about trends in our evolution, as well as about events and processes.
Unlikely to have pertinent information C Priorities of subjects for interrogation It may be necessary to screen individuals in a local area, as residents or possibly workers, to determine if they may be security risks.
In an extended interrogation, if there is dialogue between interrogator and subject, there will be dynamics closely related to the psychotherapeutic concept of transference and countertransference.
In the former, the subject projects emotional experiences of his own onto the interrogator, and in the latter, the interrogator will start thinking of the subject in terms of his own life experiences. There are other ways to use social science to understand interviews, in the broad sense of cooperative debriefing and hostile interrogation.
Speaking of interrogation in the law enforcement context, "There is a vast literature on interrogation Argumentation theorists have taken as their point of interest rational argumentation in which two parties reason together to try to get at the truth of a matter following collaborative rules of procedure.
And the interrogation is scarcely a model of how to conduct balanced rational argumentation. Far from that, it seems to represent a coercive kind of dialogue exchange that is associated with intimidation In some cases, an interrogation becomes less coercive, if Human intelligence collection essay subject begins to identify with the conceptual framework of the interrogator.
The latter can be a false Stockholm syndrome context, or it can be a case where the subject actually sees that his belief system has fallacies, and he may start to share aspects of the interrogator's mindset. With WWII Japanese prisoners who believed that the shame of capture permanently separated them from that culture,  and who were unable to commit suicide,  appeared to see themselves as now part of the interrogator's culture, and became quite cooperative.
We might note that few Japanese ever attempt to hold anything back. Being taken prisoner is not in their handbooks.
No Japanese is ever taken alive. Human intelligence collection essay, they are not drilled in the "Name- Rank- Serial No- nothing more" routine. They usually reveal everything easily without any persuasion and seem unhappy when their lack of information does not permit them to answer a specific question.
In both police and intelligence interviews, there may be bargaining, where the interrogator offers incentives for the subject to reveal information.
The revealed information, especially in a HUMINT context, is not necessarily about the interrogation and also may involve persuasion of the subject to speak.
For the interrogation has a way of shifting from pure information-seeking to other types of dialogue. As an example, argumentative theory recognizes 'persuasion', in the sense meant in the persuasion dialogue,  with certain strategic interrogations, the interrogator might objectively question some of the practices of the subject's side.
This is not done for direct elicitation of information, but to set a new context for further interrogation in which the subject might question some of his own loyalties and assumptions.
In the case of the Japanese prisoners of the US, they began to operate in that new context. People being debriefed are usually willing to cooperate, although it is possible to obtain information through casual conversation.
Debriefing may be conducted at all echelons and in all operational environments. Types of people being interviewed include both "tasked" and "non-tasked" individuals. Tasked individuals are, in some way, part of the interviewer's organization.
Categories of interviewees for voluntary debriefing Tasked Military police and infantry patrols in nominally controlled areas Residents of nominally controlled areas Special reconnaissance teams see special reconnaissance Nongovernmental organization workers in the area of operations Diplomats of one's own country Friendly or neutral foreign diplomats National or higher command level subject matter experts e.
More formal or extensive debriefing methods are used for obtaining specialized or complex information.
Other than talking to tasked personnel, there is a tendency for some HUMINT collectors to regard debriefing as a waste of time. The approach to a voluntary source needs to be quite different from that to a cooperative prisoner, especially if the interrogator has reason to believe the source is knowledgeable.
While a subject may be a volunteer, a refugee or displaced person is likely to have some of the fears and uncertainty undergone by POWs.
Active listening and sympathy can pay great benefits, especially in the areas of love of family, and anger at those who made them homeless.
The HUMINT collector should allow specialized or senior sources more latitude to interpose their opinions and evaluations. Prior to the meeting, collectors need to examine all available information, to have an idea of the subject's personality and motivations when beginning to talk to them.
It also may require unobtrusive observation of the subject to establish such things as patterns of activity and likes and dislikes. The closer the interview environment can be to the customary surroundings of the subject, the more comfortable and cooperative the source may be.
One example of source that should have latitude are trained foreign internal defense FID or unconventional warfare UW personnel that work with local residents, or military forces, on a routine basis.
Historically, after the WWII experience of resistance leaders such as the Jedburgh teamsoccurred to various commanders that soldiers trained to operate as guerillas would have a strong sense of how to fight guerillas.
In these missions, the SOF teams lived and fought with the locals. Marine Corps Combined Action Program CAP program personnel originally in Vietnam,  but now in Iraq  and various training detachments are apt to have valuable and structured information.
In all cases, the more knowledgeable the interrogator is of the volunteer, the better the result is likely to be. Hostile interrogations may require the interviewer to maintain a higher level of control, compared to non-hostile interrogations.
Additionally, admitting ignorance of a custom, and respectfully asking for explanation, can trigger a flow of information. While it takes sophistication, the best general approach to willing subjects is a planned elicitation of information, always with a specific goal in mind.
The key to elicitation is the establishment of a rapport between the elicitor and the source, normally based on shared interests.Human Intelligence Collector Operations Contents Page employment of human intelligence (HUMINT) collection and analytical assets in support of the commander’s intelligence needs.
It outlines⎯ • HUMINT operations. • The HUMINT collector’s role within the intelligence operating system. Human Intelligence (HUMINT) is as old as humanity, and to this day is one of, if not the best method of collecting information, because of the potential quantity and diversity of information that can be collected through this discipline.
It is a method to gather information through interpersonal. Counterintelligence Versus Human Intelligence. During the Cold War, the U.S. counterintelligence (CI) mission was clearly defined: It focused on countering the . Paul Kingsnorth is a writer and poet living in Cumbria, England.
He is the author of several books, including the poetry collection Kidland and his fictional debut The Wake, winner of the Gordon Burn Prize and the Bookseller Book of the Year Award. Kingsnorth is the cofounder and director of the Dark Mountain Project, a network of writers, artists, and .
“On every level of engagement and critique, Known and Strange Things is an essential and scintillating journey.”—Claudia Rankine, The New York Times Book Review (Editors’ Choice) “A heady mix of wit, nostalgia, pathos, and a genuine desire to untangle the world, or at the least, to bask in its unending riddles.”.
The table below presents an abbreviated geologic time scale, with times and events germane to this essay. Please refer to a complete geologic time scale when this one seems inadequate.